Getting Started with Turf
We apply our technology to the agronomy industry as a whole; Ag, Turf, Nursery, Landscape and Water Well Rehabilitation as well (including mitigating problems with e. Coli and Coliforms). Each industry segment is completely different, each individual application completely unique, and yet they all use the same techniques for analyzing water and soil. That’s the commonality of each, the water, the soil and also what we sometimes fail to look at, the biology. And even beyond that, the fate and or sustainability of what we put on our ground and into our ground because like us humans, our plants are what they eat and drink.
Let’s take all of this a step further, where the easiest for plants to drink are water, oxygen (rain) and nitrogen, followed by sodium and perhaps zinc chloride. The essential nutrients are the most difficult to drink; calcium and potassium phosphate. And in the midst of all of it are the monsters, the culprits that make complexes; chlorides, bicarbonates, valence and the toxic gasses and biofilms of bacteria. Surely environmental influences play a role such as rainfall and the lack thereof, water quality, reclaim water. Shocking that rain delivers a lot of dissolved oxygen, solubilizes toxins and does NOT dissolve scale or bound nutrition.
HCT’s reach and experiences in agronomy are nationwide since 2014 with 100% success rate, noting we have dealt with most operations who we say are at the end of the thread of the end of the rope.
It's pretty simple what we do and it works everywhere.
Sequester soluble cations into a form of always hydratable acetates.
Detoxify sodium and boron.
Disassociate existing bonds in the soil of chloride, bicarbonate and valence with a strong acid and sequester the cations to a form of always hydratable acetates.
Apply a biocide where needed to destroy unwanted pathogens.
Apply additional biocides to remediate soils of biofilms and to propagate an aerobic soil profile.
Propagate the soil with dissolved oxygen.
We do all the above sustainably with environmentally attractive solutions (i.e. no S, SO4-S, N or NO3-N.
Provide a reliable and low-cost fertigation system.
Make the program scalable – plug and play – equipment and chemistry.
Make the program viable for distribution through existing distribution channels.
All with 1-3 chemical products – WaterSOLV™ AG, WaterSOLV™ Curative, WaterSOLV™ BC.
The way we determine what is going on from your water and soil is based on the data provided – no site visit necessary. Our probability of success and predictable timing is pretty much on target. There is a general way that works, but there are more specific ways that one can take to get even more precise results and they can manipulate the application rates to compensate for time and quicker results.
Descriptions – Analytical Necessities
Items 1-6 - Water
These are scale formers. Disassociate the valence and bicarbonate, sequester the cation and we have re-hydratable nutrition.
Treatment rate is (Ca as CaCO3 + Mg as CaCO3 + HCO3 / 200) = ppm WaterSOLV™ Curative
Items 1-6 – Soil (A)
Soil is viewed as a filter, the more Exchangeable Cations, the more product it will take to restore infiltration.
The key is to get infiltration to get the transportation working – hydration, transformation of scale to nutrition, bioremediation, oxygenation, release or flushing of chloride salts.
Items 1-6 – Soil (B)
Just how much harvesting/transformation do we have to do/is available (pre-paid nutrition)?
Items 7-11 – Water & Soil
With Total Bacteria at or in excess of 3 exponents, plus S > 40 ppm, SO4-S > 120 ppm, and consistent ET’s, odds are sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) are thriving.
SRB exude hydrogen sulfide gas (toxic to plants and lethal to humans), sulfurous acids and biofilms. Bacteria also favor iron and manganese and can form slimes.
Slimes are impenetrable by acids as well as oxidizer, algaecides, fungicides and the like.
It’s likely of these slimes are present, the elements mentioned accumulate in the soils, along with zinc, chloride salts, boron and NO3-N.
Items 13-15 Water & Soil
Being sodium is one of the most soluble elements (a cation) it should be one of the first items to flush along with zinc and nitrogen. If these are saturated in the soil. There are infiltration issues.
As we can solubilize elements through dense clay, we can also break down biofilms – The question becomes what’s the material comprised of that is causing the stoppages. Low lying areas, usually all the things that have collected there and biomatter setting in – Slosh usually biomatter – hardpan, not usually but perhaps the it festered beneath the hardpan over years past.
Either way – for fact – you have to address the biology or the necessary chemistry for the scales will never get through the films to do their job.
Additionally, chloride salts require extra watering to get the sodium treated.
Item 17 – Water and Soil
Where 20 ppm or greater NO3-N is in the soil and the soil is acidified, the N will release amines and block oxygen flow. Therefore, the WaterSOLV™ BC must be included to assure available oxygen.
HCT will provide Observations, Interpretations and Recommendations (OIR’s). They will also provide total Bacteria Analyses. Such data of water, soil and tissue, as well as water sample(s), must be provided to HCT and usually in HCT’s data format: HCT’s WaterSOLV™ Analysis Form Excel File Download
Chemigation Equipment is readily installed by pump station equipment providers. Water Treatment Rates are easily obtained using HCT’s mobile phone application – search HCT WaterSOLV™ - or the desktop version WaterSOLV™ Quick Calculator. Both the chemigation equipment and chemistry may be obtained through authorized HCT distributors.
Physical Compliments you can Deploy
Non-intrusive needle aerification to get the chemistry into the ground sooner/quicker.
Initial overwatering and treatment levels where sodium is an issue.
Assuring the presence of the BC product where N is > 20 ppm in the soil.
Topical applications to slosh and puddling areas (utilizing both the BC and the Curative to form the Peracetic solution.
Increasing the chemical application rates for more rapid soil remediation.
HCT’s Mobile App
A free mobile phone app where you can enter your water data, soil remediation increases, determine your treatment rates, cost, and calculate topical application rates.
Just search the Android or the iPhone for HCT WaterSOLV™
Chemigation / Injection Equipment
We have designed and had developed our own chemigation system identifying a need in the marketplace for an effective and low-cost solution no suitable options.
We developed what is called a flow switch controller – it ties into existing flow sensors (switch or meter, and can power up to three pumps.
The Flow Switch Controller lists at $2999.00 and each pump is about $1,280.00. The user can choose to use their own pumps or the ones we recommend. Not always will their pumps.
Be chemically compatible, or dispense as a low a rate as we typically require. We’re usually going out at ranges from 0.50 ppm to as much as maybe 6 ppm.
The chemistry is unique also – no bulk tanks necessary, we deliver the container and you simply connect the suction side of the pump to it.
Typical course will go through maybe 1 ea. 275 gl. tote of the acid and 1 ea. 55 gl drum of the BC. That’s a broad estimation.
It’s great for topical applications and it can be put out in heavy doses provide the N in the soil is not extreme. It’s also compatible with most fertilizers and nutrients.
Topically is a great way to evaluate the product but the materials are really concentrated so handling the acid and the BC concentrated is somewhat undesirable.
In turn we came out with a blend – it is a “significantly” diluted mixture of the two products so you have to use it at 4 times the volume. We call it WaterSOLV™ pHix.
Current Inventory Replacements
Typically, no more fairy ring. Displaces sulfurous acids 9-10-fold and the need for gypsum where there is plenty of Ca and SO4-S. Usually nutritional demand is nearly diminished while harvesting the exchangeable cations. Water demand drops 10-15% percent due to water infiltration and retention in the soil. All crops watered are impacted, Including shrubs, trees, even drip emitters.
Shells and Snails
Baseline water treatment demand with the acid is increased to 3 ppm to dissolve what is in the system. Once the shell problem is resolved the treatment level can be reduced for just the water. Shells are converted to nutrition. Embryotic eggs within the system are not produced with the modified cations.
Encourage the client to avoid the use of sulfur in the ponds – going to an EDTA based copper.
Value and Offsets
The is a list we have compiled on our website; https://www.hctllc.com/value-and-offset
I really love this one. So, what would the elements in tissue and or soil look like for perfect looking turf?
Return on Investment
It is usually more than 2:1 in favor of the course year 1 including a full chemigation system, the water treatment and soil remediation.
You can download our pricing list from online; https://1cceb5a7-b7dc-4df8-82b8-16602f59ceb5.filesusr.com/ugd/725874_e94d7c5be3c14076bc4a3eaa4796f895.pdf
Annual Chemical Demand & Cost
The most economical application of the chemistry is injection, so that is cost No. 1. The sooner you mitigate the water to sequester the cations and valence, and the sooner you attack the bacteria, the more efficient you have won the fate of their natural form to cause negative aspects in your soil and to your vegetation. This blocks the re-adsorption of bicarbonate, the bonding of chloride salts and the reproduction of bacteria. This is the most effective and cost-efficient means to provide the lowest cost and greatest efficiency.
Worst case scenario for Chemigation, per pump station;
HCT Flow Switch Controller
Two chemical injection pumps
Installation by your pump station provider
1 injection port (should be there already)
1 flow switch/meter (should be there already)
Chemical Use & Timing is split into two considerations. Treating the water and remediating the soil. Treating the water is a linear relationship to water Hardness + Bicarbonate which defines the amount of Curative necessary to sequester them. This also impacts the chloride salts and valence. The Bac T analysis and their foods sources, define the amount of BC that is required.
Soil is another story, just how bad is the soil? The objective is to obtain adequate infiltration as soon as possible, then begin a remediation process harvesting the existing soil nutrients while mitigating any negative aspects of biology. We should do this gradually as to not flush the nutritional elements through the soils but to the vegetation roots through the root zones. The soluble elements will move the most rapidly either through the soil or through the plant, but without damage.
Once you know the ppm of chemistry and its cost, you can take ppm x cost per gallon, times millions of gallons of water used x .85 and come up with the estimated annual chemical cost.
i.e. Year 1: Curative - 2 ppm at $40/gl. = $80 x 95 (million gallons of water used) = $ 7,600
BC - 0.50 ppm $65/gl. = $32.50 x 95 (million gallons of water used) = $ 3,088
Total (plus tax and frt.) $10,888
Add 15% for year 1 remediation – Reduce 15% for the year thereafter from then on
We do not flush! We water to water. Additional savings may be realized where flushing has been aggressively practiced. RO system may usually be vacated. Be sure to look at the Cost Savings, Offsets and Value.
Visual Results & Timing
We can make predictions based on soil conditions. The rate of results can be manipulated by enhancing the chemical volume. Typically, they say; we see and feel a difference but can’t put out finger on it, followed by “out infiltration is amazing”, then “I want to fertilize but I don’t need to” – then “how can I get these puddle areas fixed sooner” – followed by the next order. It is typically a 90 to 120 program to get the reactions flowing through the vegetation in an adequate volume. Even pine and Eucalyptus trees are impacted at 120 days with growth and loss of blight.
Can you Topically Apply – Yes. Great for evaluation. Please use our mobile phone app to calculate the proper amount for topical application and your water and soil conditions and timing expectations.
The Engagement Process
Send your supplier 8 fl. ounce water sample(s) to run Bac T analyses.
1 each 8 fl. ounces of water per water source.
Send us your water analyses - See page 5 hereto for the items to be tested and reported
Send us your soil analyses - See page 5 hereto for the items to be tested and reported
We are fine to see the Soil Paste Extraction for available elements in lab water
It is important for both of us to see and to be able to document the Exchangeable Cations, which is what shows mostly what is in your soil. It is an ammonium Acetate digestion.
OIR – Observations, Interpretations and Recommendations
2. Detailed Presentation and Proposal for the Dealer, the GCS and their committee.