Flushing Salts, Chronic Brown Spots, Chronic Spots, Infiltration, Slosh

For those interested in taking control of their agronomy, versus reacting to the environmental variables, you’re in the right place. Who ever thought you could actually manipulate your soil and vegetation over 24-48 hours through treating water or topically applying a product or two!


Like technology has changed our world, we have done the same with agronomy. How? It’s pretty straight forward although you can look at it from many perspectives. We can present it in any perspective you can pose and here are some facts;

You’ve heard the term “older than dirt”. We’re accustomed to punching holes, adding organic matter and sand to build a new surface. We’re accustomed to doing everything we can to keep our greens draining. We’re accustomed to maintaining an ET and reducing pH to make nutrition and hard water minerals more available for plant uptake, as well as acidifying the soil to aid in flushing.

All of this done by the book and what happens consistently, everywhere you go – sick turf, disease, puddles, slosh, buildup of chloride salts, tip burn, more often aerification, sod, sand, fungicides, lower pH, add calcium sulfate though the soil is saturated with both of them.


Where is the University Research on sulfurous acids? How about the one by UC Davis that states the minerals acidified by strong acids, when evaporated to dryness, are not re-dissolved by strong acids. Or the soil scientist that said there is nothing wrong with excess sulfur, although that did not take into account the number of bacteria, we load into the soil saturated with sulfur, which then leads to black layer, which then leads to impenetrable biofilms which we then observe as slosh and lack of water movement through our soils.

You can see it in the water and soil analyses if you look at it from a different perspective.

Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium and Phosphate

  • All nutrients yet highly insoluble

  • Scale forming due to their complexing with bicarbonates and valence (the magnetic like attraction like calcium phosphate)

  • Acidified with sulfurous acids, the complexes, specifically evaporate salt crystals do not re-dissolve, forms hardpan and minimizes the absorption of water and transport of water, nutrients and oxygen.

  • As the cycle propagates, the soils tend to support anoxic bacteria, i.e. black layer, as well as ferric chloride, iron bacteria and bio-films.

Sulfur, Sulfate, Iron and Manganese

  • While sulfur and sulfate are inert, Iron highly insoluble and an essential nutrient, manganese a mineral and nutrient, add a sufficient number of bacteria, keep the soil hydrated and it’s the perfect recipe for colonies of anoxic bacteria and biofilms that can block the flow of water, nutrition and oxygen while perpetuating black layer and ferric chloride – toxicity!

Chloride Salts

  • Salts, Mineral Salts, Sodium Salts, - We’re referring to Chloride Salts, salts that complex with chloride such as sodium, iron (ferric), calcium and zinc. Sodium is the most soluble mineral in even the worst water it solubilizes, and where zinc is the most soluble metal, and likewise goes into solution in the worst and best of waters. If these are saturated in your soils, you have an infiltration issue, of which is usually from cementation, biology, biofilms and or no drainage whether through the soil to the groundwater or through a drain.


  • Yet another extremely soluble liquid/gas that when saturated in the soil indicates an infiltration problem, again likely from biology, slime or cementation or a matrix thereof (including the depletion of oxygen).

  • Did you know the acidification of excess levels of NO3-N releases amines that then block oxygen flow and that you can offset that reaction with adding oxygen?  

Biology, namely Bacteria

  • Where saturated iron in sols and black matter are all usually related to biofilms, and biofilms are created by bacteria, why have we not been looking at bacteria in our water analyses?

  • Bacteria + ample food source (sulfur, sulfate, iron and or manganese) = the potential for slime forming colonies of which slimes block and are resistant to just about everything including acids and many fungicides. 


  • What’s rain really doing, flushing salts? If you refer to salts as N, NO3-N, Zinc and Sodium, you are right, but not the other metals minerals.

  • What else is rain brining – Dissolved Oxygen and lots of it.

  • As your soils receive rain, your plants receive nitrogen, water, dissolved oxygen, followed by sodium chloride then zinc chloride, then the more noble metals and minerals if they should become available with acidification, but not likely.

Soil and Water Analyses

Look at the elements in buckets


Cementations: Ca, Mg, P & K

Biology Toxins and Slimes: Total Bacteria, S, SO4, Fe and Mn

Toxins: Cl, Na, NaCl, FeCl3, CaCl2, ZnCl2, No3-N > 20 ppm

How to;


1. Soil levels divided by source water levels.

    a. Which buckets are most saturated

        i. Cementation – Use WaterSOLV™ Curative (acid)

        ii. Biology & Toxins – Use WaterSOLV™ BC (oxygenator)

        (both products mitigate chloride salts)  

You’ll see it with sulfurous acids and N-pHuric, year 1 looks great, year 2 is off, year 3 something is wrong, year 4 lots of money in physical remedies, year 5 more money in physical remedies, year 6 end of rope, you find HCT, we recover your soils over 6 months, your job got much easier, predictable and manageable, at a lower overall cost and everyone is happy. Even the shrubs, trees and bunkers are impacted, lines cleaned, valves working, shells converted to nutrition, sugars added to the nutritional profile, less water used, readily manipulated and recoverable playing surfaces, happy clients and management.    


The program is “Sustainable”, the fate of the additives is sustainable and beneficial for the environment. The safety of the product is remarkably better than sulfurous acids, through the acid is extremely fumy. Added values include no more gypsum, no more sulfuric acid, 1/10th the volume of acid needed. The same acid chemigation equipment may be used or a new inexpensive system can be obtained through HCT’s WaterSOLV™ Switch.


Whether sand to clay soils, we make elements soluble. Even caleche and shells can be converted to nutrition with WaterSOLV™ Curative, provided the bio-films are dealt with if they exist. Take a look at this video how Curative converts iron into TDS / EC: